During World War II, some factions promoted Vietnam’s independence, but as Wu Yuanjia, who will build the Vietnamese army after World War II, said, the Communist Party is the best organization and action orientation. This conflict was based on North Vietnam, which defeated the French colonial government of Vietnam in 1954, and wanted to unify the entire country under a single communist regime based on the Soviet Union and China. The communist army took control of South Vietnam in 1975 and ended the war. The following year, the country was merged into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Vietnam War became a decisive factor for the United States in the second half of the 20th century. After France’s disastrous attempt to prevent Indochina (the Southeast Asian territory including Vietnam) from gaining independence, the United States fell into Vietnam. This conflict was the result of the First Indochina War between France and the Communist Party-led Vietnam League. The United States had to fight the army of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (the North) and the fanatical communists of the South (the Viet Cong).
Eisenhower stationed military advisers and CIA agents in Vietnam, while John F. Kennedy sent American soldiers to Vietnam. There were more than half a million American soldiers in Vietnam in 1969. In 1970, Nixon tried to slow down the flow of soldiers and supplies from North Vietnam to South Vietnam by sending US troops to destroy Cambodia’s communist supply base. The instability caused by this unofficial military activity enabled the North Vietnamese Communists to help support the communist revolution and civil war in Cambodia.
After the Khmer Rouge carried out a series of attacks on the border and eventually led to the Cambodia-Vietnam War, the conflict between North Vietnam and its Kingdom of Cambodia ally, the Cambodian National Alliance, and the newly formed Democratic Cambodia began almost immediately.
The Vietnam War was a long-term struggle between nationalist forces that tried to unify Vietnam under a communist government and the United States (with the help of South Vietnam) that tried to prevent the spread of communism. Opponents of the war believed that the United States had grasped the desperate Potemkin experiment of corrupt and authoritarian leaders, while supporters believed that South Vietnam was a young country embarrassed on all sides, despite its shortcomings, it still struggled to resist communist aggression. But with the interpretation of the “civil war”, more radical criticism emerged: the US enemies in Vietnam are launching a protracted war of national liberation and independence, first from France and then from the United States. Technically speaking, the Vietnam conflict is a civil war, with the communist North fighting the anti-communist South (it is not a democratic country, ruled by the paranoid dictator Nguyen Van Thieu).
Peace was negotiated in Geneva in 1954 and agreed in the Geneva Treaty that the French would leave Vietnam, and before the elections, Vietnam would split along the 17-degree line. After World War II, Ho Chi Minh captured Hanoi in 1945 and declared Vietnam’s independence. However, the war between North and South Vietnam lasted until April 30, 1975, when DRV troops occupied Saigon and renamed it Ho Chi Minh City (Ho Chi Minh died in 1969). Phnom Penh was captured by the Khmer Rouge on April 17, 1975. During the spring offensive of 1975, the Vietnamese People’s Army captured Saigon on April 30; this marked the end of the war and the reunification of North and South Vietnam the following year.
From July 1966 to December 1973, more than 503,000 U.S. troops deserted, and the strong anti-war movement of the U.S. military triggered violent protests, killings, and mass imprisonment of U.S. troops stationed in Vietnam. Despite broader social activism in the 1960s, the Vietnam War quickly became the focus of major protests, which led the government to step up efforts to limit the protection of the First Amendment. These efforts mainly involve the right of assembly and proper criticism of the war on freedom of speech. After President Lyndon Johnson’s government announced the cancellation of the automatic student extension for the project in January 1966, many parties opposed the U.S. involvement in Vietnamese affairs, and student activism quickly turned to the anti-war movement.
The attack on Tais was a turning point in the war because President Johnson decided not to let the war escalate in the face of the dissatisfied American society and the bad news of his military leaders in Vietnam. In 1961, President John F. Kennedy was convinced that communist China was actively supporting North Vietnam and approved US military operations in Vietnam to help the nationalist government avoid a communist uprising. His successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, was committed to fighting for peace in Southeast Asia and supporting the economic and political interests of the United States in the region. He increased his country’s participation by significantly increasing the presence of 23,000 American soldiers Spend. From 1965 to 1969, it exceeded 540,000. In order to prevent Vietnam from becoming a communist country, the United States decided to help France defeat Ho Chi Minh and her revolutionaries by sending French military aid in 1950.
The Communist Party of Vietnam, also known as the South Vietnamese National Liberation Front or the National Liberation Front, is the South Vietnamese general front led by North Vietnam, and it launched guerrilla warfare in the south. The uprising was called the National Liberation Front (FLN); however, his soldiers and agents were referred to by their opponents as the Viet Cong (VK), short for the Vietnamese Communists. The VC is usually supplemented by the troops of the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN), and those fighting it are often referred to as the North Vietnamese Army (NVA). The main military organizations participating in the war were the U.S. Armed Forces and the Army of the Republic of Vietnam, as opposed to the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) (commonly known as the North Vietnamese Army or the English NVA). And the South Vietnamese National Liberation Front (NLF, better known in English as the Viet Cong (VC)), the Communist guerrillas of South Vietnam.
This war dubbed the “American War” in Vietnam (or more broadly, “the war against Americans to save the nation”), was also part of a larger regional conflict and a manifestation of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union and their allies. Vietnam War (1954-75), a protracted conflict between the communist government of North Vietnam and its allies in South Vietnam, known as the Viet Cong, against the government of South Vietnam and its main ally, the United States. Usually refers to the period when the United States and other SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization) members joined forces with the Republic of South Vietnam to challenge communist forces, which consisted of South Vietnamese guerrillas and troops. Regulars, commonly known as the Viet Cong (VC) and the North Vietnamese Army (NVA). Instead, the two decades of the Vietnam War, from 1954 to 1975, are called the “American War.”