world war II

What Is Modernism?

Early modernism in art came with Impressionism, followed by Expressionism, Fauvism, Cubism, and abstract art. Modernism was influenced by Surrealism, late Cubism (Bauhaus, De Stijl, Dada, and German expressionism), masterful modernist color painters such as Henri Matisse and Pierre Bonnard, and abstraction artists like Piet Mondrian and Wassily Kandinsky in the 1920s and 1930s paintings

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What Is The Treaty of Versailles?

The Treaty of Versailles signed in June 1919 in Versailles Palace in Paris to end the First World War codified the peace terms between the triumphant Allies and Germany. The treaty was one of several that ended the five-year conflict known as the First World War. She presented the conditions for peace between Germany and

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What Is The Anglo-Soviet Invasion Of Iran?

The Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran took place less than two months after the Allied victory over pro-Axis forces in neighboring Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon. In the months leading up to the invasion, British and Soviet governments exerted increased pressure on the Shah to push the Germans out of Iran, and its non-compliance was cited as

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What Is The Red Army?

The Red Army (Krasnaya Armiya) was the common name for the Russian National Army from 1918 to 1946, known also by the abbreviation RKKA (Workers and Peasants Red Army ). The Red Army was founded in 1918 to defend the Bolshevik regime in the Soviet Republic during the Russian Civil War. On April 22nd, 1918,

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What Is The Cold War?

From 1946 to 1991 the United States, the Soviet Union, and their allies were locked into a long, tense conflict known as the Cold War. Historians disagree on a date, but it is widely believed that the 1947 Truman Doctrine war lasted until the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Although the parties were nominally

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What Is Unit 731?

The unit was founded in 1936 and became one of the most powerful biological warfare units in the United States. During World War II, it served as a nerve center for Japan’s biological warfare in China and Southeast Asia. The unit conducted vivisection experiments on living people and tested germ samples – including the release

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