What Is The Communist Party Of India?

In 1964, coupled with the deepening rift between China and the Soviet Union, a large left-wing faction of the CPI leadership, based in the states of Kerala and West Bengal, broke away from the party and formed the Communist Party of India (CPI-M). In 1964, ideological differences stemming from the Soviet-Chinese communist split in the 1950s and the reaction to the border conflicts between India and China in 1962 led a large group of party members, including Namboodiripad, to secede from the CPI (M) and form the CP (M). In 1971, the party overtook the BJP in the Lok Sabha seats, winning twice as many seats as in the subsequent elections.

The Communist Party of India (CPI) is a national political party in India based in New Delhi. Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy became party leader after his election as general secretary in 2012. According to official party history, the party was founded at the end of 1925 in Kanpur in the state of Uttar Pradesh.


The Communist Party of India (CPI) was founded at the All India Conference in Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh on 26 December 1925 and in late December 1925 and early January 1926 in late December 1925. The CPI is the oldest communist party in India and one of the eight national parties in India. This article examines the role of the CPI and the Marxist CPM in the West Bengal-led Left Front that formed the government from 1977 to 2011.

The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) manifestos do not mention democracy because its leaders have died in India but they talk about the rights of minorities and human rights in India which are of the utmost importance to them in India. Indian Communists joined the Socialist Congress Party and collaborated with the left-wing of the Indian National Congress. Communists participated in the struggle for independence as members of Congress and became a significant presence in the socialist wing of Congress.

The CPI has been recognized as a national party by the Indian Electoral Commission. In 1957, the party defeated the ruling and dominant Congress party in parliamentary elections in the southern state of Kerala under Prime Minister E.M.S. This achievement, together with that of the communists in Bihar, but the party at the head of the left movement in India.


The Comintern, created by the Socialist Democratic Workers’ Party of Russia and the Bolshevik Communist Party of the Soviet Union, had subordinate conditions and sections connected with it. My hypothesis is that the weakening of the communist parties that developed and grew over the years in the Communist International correlates with the increasing irrelevance of the parties supported by the Comintern, including the powerful Parti Communiste Francais and the Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI). The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has survived and thrived while the communists have faded into the shadows of their glorious selves in other parts of the world.

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the political arm of the RSS, plays a role in our country’s struggle for freedom, even though it is governed by the center. In the 1990s, the CPI (M) enjoyed political strength among communist groups.

At this historic turning point, the challenge for the party is what to do about its divisive, sectarian, communal, and fascist ideology. Comparative analysis of the performance of the parliamentary left in the Indian states of Kerala, West Bengal, and Tripura. The development points to problems with the ideology of the parties and is imperative for renewal and the development of an anti-capitalist strategy.

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