Gastrointestinal (stomach and intestine) rotavirus infection affecting young children. Worldwide, rotavirus infection remains the leading cause of death in infants and children. Rotavirus infection is the most common cause of severe diarrhea in infants and young children. Before a vaccine, rotavirus was the government’s number one cause of severe diarrhea in infants and young children.
In the United States, before the rotavirus vaccine became available, 50,000 to 70,000 children under the age of 5 were hospitalized with rotavirus diarrhea each year. Before a vaccine was developed, most children were infected with rotavirus at least once by age 5.
The virus can infect adults, but the most severe cases occur in unvaccinated children between the ages of 3 and 35 months. Rotavirus can live for several hours on hands and longer on hard surfaces.
The virus can also be spread through the respiratory tract or other bodily fluids, but these routes are less common. Children acquire rotavirus immunity after multiple infections with different strains of rotavirus. Although the infection is more common in young children, adults can also develop it, although it is usually less severe.
In the United States, nearly all children are at risk of contracting rotavirus before age 5. Abstract Rotavirus infection is the main cause of severe dehydrating gastroenteritis in children under 5 years of age. Before the introduction of the vaccine, rotavirus-associated gastroenteritis killed more than 500,000 children under the age of 5 each year.
After vaccination, the number of children infected with rotavirus decreased. In other words, 90% of vaccinated children can protect themselves from severe rotavirus or avoid the disease entirely. Even if a child is infected with rotavirus, the severity of the disease will be reduced if they are vaccinated.
If your child is in the hospital, they will be kept away from other children to prevent the spread of rotavirus. If your child has rotavirus, they may not be able to go to daycare or school while they are sick.
Call your doctor right away if your child has symptoms of rotavirus infection. If your child has abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, blood in the stool, or changes in stool after the rotavirus vaccine, call the doctor right away. You can help prevent rotavirus and rotavirus complications by making sure your child is vaccinated.
Rotavirus infection has been vaccine-preventable since the approval of two oral live attenuated rotavirus vaccines for children in the EU/EEA in 2006. WHO recommends the use of rotavirus vaccine in all children and EU/EEA countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccine into their national immunization programs have found numbers of children seeking care due to rotavirus infection Significant reductions. In countries that reported exposure to rotavirus vaccine in the first 10 years after the introduction of rotavirus vaccine into national childhood immunization programs, there was an average reduction in all-cause hospitalizations for diarrhea in children under 5 years of age 38% (range 5-63%), a mean reduction in rotavirus-related hospitalizations of 67% (range 18-84%), and a 42% (range 3-64%) reduction in all-cause deaths from diarrhea of 21.25. In addition, the demographics of rotavirus infection have changed since vaccination was included in the national immunization program; for example, in Finland, before vaccination, rotavirus infection was more common in children under 5 years of age, but in After vaccination, it is more common in unvaccinated children 6-16 years old. from the age of 27, Most adults are not susceptible to rotavirus infection due to immunity acquired in childhood; the cause of gastroenteritis in adults is usually not rotavirus, but asymptomatic infection in adults may prevent spread to the community.
Rotavirus is present in the stool of an infected person two days before the onset of symptoms and up to 10 days after they have subsided. After a child is infected with rotavirus, there is an incubation period of about two days before symptoms appear.
During this time, the virus is easily spread by hand-to-mouth contact, even if the infected person has no symptoms. Rotavirus transmission The virus that causes rotavirus is present in faeces and is mainly transmitted by hand-to-mouth contact.
Rotavirus is highly contagious, and the virus that causes it spreads easily. Rotavirus is one of the viruses that cause gastroenteritis in children is an inflammation of the digestive tract that causes vomiting, diarrhea, or both, sometimes with fever or abdominal cramps. Rotavirus can cause severe diarrhea, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, and dehydration in infants, young children, and some adults.
Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea in infants and children worldwide and kills about 500,000 children worldwide each year. In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 215,000 children worldwide had died from rotavirus infection, mostly in developing countries. Rotavirus enteritis is usually an easily treatable childhood illness, but in 2013, rotaviruses were responsible for 37% of childhood diarrhea deaths and 215,000 deaths worldwide, and almost two million more became seriously ill. Most of the 215,000 cases occurred in developing countries.
Rotavirus is one of several known viruses that cause self-limited gastroenteritis. Although fecal-oral spread is more common, it is also possible to get rotavirus from any contact with the body fluids of a person who has rotavirus, such as sneezing or touching doorknobs or toys that a child has touched. How long does rotavirus last? During the course of the infection, the child may initially have a fever and vomit.