acute infections

What Is Toxoplasmosis?

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the parasite toxoplasma gondii and is usually transmitted by a parasite that enters the body through the mouth, for example by eating under cooked meat. Although most toxoplasmosis sufferers have no symptoms and do not require treatment, pregnant women should be aware of the risks associated with exposure to

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amoebic meningitis

What Is Meningitis?

Meningitis is a condition in which the fluid in the cerebral spine (CSF), the thin membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord, swells. It is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection that moves from the cerebral or spinal fluid (SFF) into the bloodstream. Bacterial meningitis is usually more severe and can lead

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What Is Lobotomy?

According to Encyclopedia Britannica, lobotomy (also called leucotomy) is a neurosurgical operation in which the connection between the prefrontal lobe and the brain is severed. It is said to be one of several surgeries that deliberately damage brain tissue to treat mental illness. Lobotomies have always been controversial and have only been performed in the

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What Is Pro Ana?

A young person who feels dissatisfied with his body and believes he may have symptoms of anorexia can type “anorexia” into a search engine and come across websites promoting the disease as a lifestyle. Websites full of images showing emaciated and unhealthily thin women, known as “Thinspo”, encourage extreme thinness. The written content and media

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What Is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a disease that often proves to be an age-related disease – all terms refer to more than 100 joint complaints – but it also affects young people of all kinds. The two most common forms are osteoarthritis, which is the most common cause of disability in the UK, and rheumatoid arthritis, a type

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Aedes aeygypti

What Is Dengue Fever?

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral infection that can cause fever, headaches, muscle aches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms. Although most cases of dengue are relatively mild, even a mild infection can cause painful and debilitating symptoms. In rare cases, the disease can turn into severe dengue, known as “dengue fever,” which causes acute

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What Is Dystonia?

Dystonia is a disorder characterized by involuntary movements of the legs, arms or other body parts such as the knees, hips and ankles. There are several different forms of dystonia that can affect people of any age, gender, race, ethnicity, gender identity and sexual orientation, as well as physical and mental health. People with dystonia

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What Is Behavioral Addiction?

Behavioral addiction is an addiction to an activity that has nothing to do with alcohol or drug use. It is characterized by non-substance-related behaviors and the ability to experience negative consequences of these behaviors. One of the main problems associated with the conceptualization of behavioral addiction is the fact that, almost every activity is defined

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What Is The Black Death?

The Black Death was a plague pandemic that devastated Europe, killing an estimated 75 to 200 million people, and peaked in Europe between 1348 and 1350. Europe experienced the deadliest outbreak of the disease in history when it was struck in 1347 and was one of the most devastating pandemics, killing an estimated 25 to

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What Is Anemia?

Anemia is a disease that occurs when the red blood cell count (hemoglobin) is lower than normal. This is because anemia occurs when your body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia and occurs when the blood does not have enough iron to produce

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