infection

acute infections

What Is Toxoplasmosis?

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the parasite toxoplasma gondii and is usually transmitted by a parasite that enters the body through the mouth, for example by eating under cooked meat. Although most toxoplasmosis sufferers have no symptoms and do not require treatment, pregnant women should be aware of the risks associated with exposure to

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ASD

What Is Tourette’s syndrome (TS)?

Tourette’s syndrome (TS) is a neurological disorder characterized by the development of vocal tones, known as tics. TS belongs to a group of disorders of the developing nervous system called “tic” disorders. There is no cure for TS, but treatments to treat symptoms such as medication, physiotherapy, occupational therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. While most

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amoebic meningitis

What Is Meningitis?

Meningitis is a condition in which the fluid in the cerebral spine (CSF), the thin membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord, swells. It is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection that moves from the cerebral or spinal fluid (SFF) into the bloodstream. Bacterial meningitis is usually more severe and can lead

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ankles

What Is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a disease that often proves to be an age-related disease – all terms refer to more than 100 joint complaints – but it also affects young people of all kinds. The two most common forms are osteoarthritis, which is the most common cause of disability in the UK, and rheumatoid arthritis, a type

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Aedes aeygypti

What Is Dengue Fever?

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral infection that can cause fever, headaches, muscle aches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms. Although most cases of dengue are relatively mild, even a mild infection can cause painful and debilitating symptoms. In rare cases, the disease can turn into severe dengue, known as “dengue fever,” which causes acute

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acute bronchitis

What Is Bronchitis?

Bronchitis is a condition in which the lining of the bronchi, which carries air into the lungs, can cause inflammation. Acute bronchitis is very common and often develops from a cold or other respiratory infection, but there is chronic bronchitis, a more serious condition. Chronic bronchial disease is a long-term illness that causes inflammation of

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air

What Is Pneumonia ?

If you have pneumonia, the air sacs in your lungs become inflamed as a result of the infection. Although pneumonia is caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and chemicals, it can affect any lung at any time. The infection causes inflammation in the air sacs in the lungs, called alveoli, and they fill with fluid and

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Aedes aeygypti

What Is The Zika Virus Epidemic?

In 2016, the WHO declared a global health emergency after the Zika virus sparked an epidemic that affected nearly two million people, following an outbreak in Brazil in 2015. Although the virus is primarily transmitted by mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti), there is also serious concern about sexual transmission. The WHO considers this to be one of

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death

What Is The West African Ebola Epidemic?

According to the World Health Organization, the West African Ebola Virus Disease (Ebola) outbreak in West Africa is the worst outbreak in history and the second worst in the world. More than 28,000 people were infected and 11,000 people died before an international health emergency broke out in June 2016. Most of the cases occurred

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bacteria

What Is Cholera?

Cholera is an acute diarrhea caused by an intestinal infection caused by Vibrio cholerae bacteria. People become ill when they swallow food or water contaminated with choleroid bacteria, such as water from the tap or from the sewage treatment plant. The infection is often mild, but can sometimes be severe and life-threatening, such as diarrhea,

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