This is an important building block of modern physics and explains how gravity in space can be based on curves. More precisely, the forces of gravity are connected with the changing geometry of space and time. Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity could predict that astronauts age more slowly than people on Earth, and that solid objects change shape at a higher rate of speed. Albert Einstein, after developing a special theory, the theory of relativity, which applied the universal speed of light to the laws of physics that remain the same in a given frame of reference, settled on his general theory. When Einstein tried to apply these accelerating masses to his particular theories, he realized that the mass of an object can influence the surrounding dimensions of space and time in such a way that the object seems to act as if it can attract other masses.
If you have picked up a copy of Einstein’s book, Theory of Relativity (or any other book on relativity), it is a simple read, and it is. The text is clear and the equations are usually nothing to bother a typical high school student. The textbook is simple, clear and easy to understand, but not too complicated.
Newton has already shown that gravity depends on mass, and Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity shows that mass is synonymous with energy. This theorem also shows, however, that the general theory of relativity is an incomplete theory, because it cannot tell us exactly how the universe came into being, although it predicts that all physical theories, including the general theory of relativity, necessarily collapse at the singularity of the big bang. The General Theory of Relativity and its special theory are much more complex, but they are described with a very simple equation (r = GE).
Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity encompassed all these aspects, and the theory has provided endless fodder for the science fiction industry, predicting everything from the origin of the universe to the evolution of life on Earth to the existence of alien life. The speed of light is constant, and the laws of physics are equal regardless of the speed of an observer, so the law of relativity means that it is always constant regardless of its speed.
It is called the theory of relativity and was first introduced by Einstein, a colleague of Einstein and co-author of the Standard Model of Physics. Later it was taken into account that two actions performed by a person at the same time cannot be simultaneous in their relative motion. General relativity is the theory of gravity that Albert Einstein developed at the beginning of the 20th century as part of his work on the Standard Model of Physics (SMP). Classical relativity, originally defined by Galileo Galilei and refined by Sir Isaac Newton, includes the theory of gravity and the relationship between a moving object and its gravitational field.
In 1905 Einstein’s groundbreaking work showed that the speed of light in a vacuum is independent of the movement of an observer and that all laws of physics are the same for so-called non-accelerating observers. In the simplest case, an unaccelerated observer is the one who does not move, but accelerates to observe what is happening around him. This effect is visible in everyday life and can affect everything from the electricity that drives our homes to our cars. The special theory of relativity states that the speed of light is constant and independent of the observer in the vacuum of space. The laws of physics and thus of the universe are the same for equally fast observers. This is determined by the distortion and distortion of space – time felt by gravity, which we all feel as gravity.
The general theory of relativity, from 1915, states that gravity and motion can influence intervals in time and space. This is suggested by the fact that the distance between us and time is not absolute. One of the most important principles of relativity, the so-called equivalence principle, is that a gravity pulling in one direction is equivalent to acceleration in the opposite direction. For example, if the center of the Earth draws itself to hold you firmly in the ground, then your center – your mass – also retreats on your back. You can feel the car accelerating as the lateral gravity pushes you back into the seat.
Newton’s law assumes that gravity is the only force an object can act on over a distance. Albert Einstein, in his special theory of relativity, stated that the laws of physics are the same for a non-accelerated observer. He showed that the speed of light in a vacuum is the same, no matter what the observer’s speed is, he noted. He proposed a new spatial concept – time and introduced new physical frameworks. As a result, he found that space and time are interwoven into a single continuum known as space / time.