Middle Kingdom B. Shang Dynasty – China’s earliest recorded history c. Han Dynasty—Cultural Highland d. Tang Dynasty – The Golden Age e. Taoism and Confucianism – Ancient Philosophy. Language Chinese Religions Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism June 18 – Disbanded by Wu Zetian October 16, 690 – Restoration March 3, 705 – Zhu Wen usurped power; at the end of Tang Dynasty before June 4, 907, it was Sui Houliang Houtang Wu (Ten Kingdoms) Wu Yuechu (Ten Kingdoms) Former Shu Qi (Ten Kingdoms) March 3, 705), when Wu Zetian ascended the throne. The founding father of the Tang Dynasty, Li Yuanyi*wu (called Gaozu Bi < Regent of the Sui Dynasty, (581-618). The Tang Dynasty was established by Gaozu in 618 AD. Son Li Shimin and daughter Pingyang Princess overthrew their second son Li Shimin briefly The Sui Dynasty (581-618 AD).
For the first time since the end of the Han Dynasty, the Sui Dynasty unified mainland China, and the Tang Dynasty inherited this legacy. The Tang Dynasty was replaced by the Song Dynasty (960-1234 AD), restoring order to China. Although Gaozu (Li Yuan’s state name) was the first emperor of the Tang Dynasty, under the rule of his son Taizong (reigned 624-649), the Tang Dynasty consolidated power and began to achieve inner peace, which lasted for three centuries Almost uninterrupted, interrupted only by the nine-year rebellion of An Lushan (755-763). His second Tang emperor, he started to be a pretender for the Sui government, he was an official of the Sui government.
The Tang Dynasty, Romanized by Wade-Giles Tang (618-907 AD), was the Chinese dynasty that followed the short-lived Sui Dynasty (581-618), developing a success along the lines of the Sui Dynasty form of government and administration, and stimulated the flowering of culture and art. This marked a golden age. The Tang Dynasty was a glorious event for Chinese civilization, during which China experienced tremendous cultural and economic development. Subsequently, the Tang Dynasty, whose Chang’an (now Xi’an), the most populous city in the world at the time, was considered by historians to be the highlight of Chinese civilization – equal to or greater than the Han Dynasty. – and the golden age of cosmopolitan culture. The Tang Dynasty was China’s true golden age, and the influence of Chinese culture extends far beyond China’s borders.
The Tang Dynasty, which ruled from 618 to 906 AD, gained an international reputation that stemmed from its cities and spread its culture to much of Asia through Buddhist practices. Emperors The second emperor Wu Zetian and Xuanzong made the Tang Dynasty a great era, and while the dynasty still reigned, the golden age ended with the decline of Xuanzong, throwing China into chaos. There were 130 years of prosperity from Tang Taizong to the reign of his descendant Xuanzong, which is often considered the pinnacle of Chinese culture. The Tang Dynasty is considered a kind of golden age in Chinese history, marking a period of unprecedented military and political domination on the Asian continent.
It is also known for its great material prosperity, high artistic and cultural success, and level of interest in and tolerance for foreign cultures and religions, which have made Chang’an, the capital of the Tang Dynasty, the most cosmopolitan city in the world. The Tang Dynasty (618-907) was the second great dynasty in the history of China, which managed to unite a huge territory, spread its culture to neighboring countries, absorb and adapt the cultures of neighboring states and tribes. For the Chinese, Tang poetry was the most valuable achievement of this period.
Tang Dynasty poetry and painting reached their creative peak in China, written by Han Gan, one of the most famous artists in Chinese history. Among the Tang Dynasty’s many contributions to Chinese literature, the poems of Du Fu and Li Bai, considered the greatest Chinese poets, are still remembered and admired today.
Heroic Buddha sculpture was a feature of the middle Tang; and while no work of this size and period survives in the country, many survive in Japan, which was heavily influenced by the administration, art, culture, and religion of the Tang Dynasty. Buddhism, which originated in India during the time of Confucius, continued the influence of Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty and was adopted by some members of the imperial family, becoming fully Sinicized and a permanent part of traditional Chinese culture. By the middle of the 7th century, new Buddhist schools of thought took on a distinctly Chinese flavor, including the Chan school that later developed into Zen Buddhism.
Key Points of The Sui Dynasty had a profound impact on the development of China’s imperial power, the consolidation of the people’s national cultural character, and the unification of the Northern and Southern Dynasties. The caste system was presented by The rise of Hinduism, The birth and spread of Buddhism, and Indian Gupta period.