What Is The Great Depression?

The “Great Depression” was a major global economic collapse symbolized in the United States by the “Black Thursday” stock market crash of October 24, 1929. The Great Depression of the 1930s began with the stock market crash in October 1929 and continued. until the early 1940s, when World War II set the stage for new growth. The onset of the recession led to the end of the stock market boom and crash at the end of October 1929. However, the stock market crash did not cause a depression; it also fails to explain the extraordinary length and depth of the American contraction.

Although signs of a decline in economic activity had been evident since the summer of 1929, the start of the Great Depression was marked by the stock market crash of October 1929 and a sharp decline in economic activity.


On Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929, the stock market crashed, triggering the Great Depression, the worst economic crash in the history of the modern industrial world. The Great Depression was the worst economic recession in the history of the industrialized countries, dating back to the stock market crash of 1929–1939. The collapse of the US stock market in 1929, the economic downturn in Germany, and the financial difficulties in France and Britain coincided. triggering the global financial crisis.

Falling consumer demand, financial panic, and bad government policies caused economic output to fall in the United States, while the gold standard, which tied almost every country in the world in a network of fixed exchange rates, played a key role in spreading the American recession to other countries. A key factor in turning national economic problems into a global depression appears to have been a lack of international coordination as most governments and financial institutions withdrew. When the United States demanded the repayment of these loans to stabilize its economy, it also plunged foreign economies into an economic depression. American requests for loan repayments have been disastrous for Germany’s already fragile economy, with banks in crisis and unemployment rising.

This was also caused by the crisis in the financial markets, the collapse of subprime credit. These crises included the stock market crash of 1929, a series of regional banking panics in 1930 and 1931, and a series of national and international financial crises from 1931 to 1933. This depression was partly caused by the aftermath of the stock market crash. 1929 in the USA and partly by internal factors in the Netherlands.


While the Great Depression was relatively mild in some countries, it was severe in others, notably the United States, where 25 percent of workers and 37 percent of nonfarm workers were completely unemployed at their peak in 1933. In the late 1920s, a global depression hit the market economy. Although the economy started to pick up again in 1938, the second major recession wiped out many gains in production and employment and extended the effects of the Great Depression into the end of the century. The Great Depression began in August 1929 with the end of the roaring 1920s economic expansion.

However, the country did not enter a deep depression until the early 1930s, with industrial production falling from peak to trough by about a third less than in the United States. As stocks continued to fall in the early 1930s, businesses closed and unemployment soared. Thanks in large part to massive government bailouts for the banking, insurance and auto industries and more than $800 billion in stimulus, the recession officially lasted less than two years. The recession peaked in March 1933, when the commercial banking system collapsed and President Roosevelt declared a national banking holiday. Massive reforms of the financial system accompanied the economic recovery, but were interrupted by a double recession in 1937.

Ironically, it was World War II, spawned in part by the Great Depression, that finally pulled the United States out of years of economic turmoil. The entry of the United States into World War II in 1941 is often referred to as the end of the Great Depression. The Great Depression forced the US government to withdraw from major international operations in the 1930s, but in the long run it helped establish the US as a world leader. Despite the best efforts of presidents and the courage of the American people, the Depression lasted until 1941, when America’s involvement in World War II led to the conscription of young men into the military and the creation of millions of defense and defense jobs in the military industry. The Great Depression finally ended and the United States turned its attention to the global conflict of World War II.


The Great Depression tested the fabric of American life in a way that has rarely happened before or since. The depression lasted for a decade, starting in 1929 and ending with World War II. During a brief depression that lasted from 1920 to 1921, known as the forgotten depression, the US stock market fell nearly 50% and corporate profits fell over 90%.

The severity of the Great Depression in the United States becomes particularly evident when compared to America’s next worst recession, the Great Recession of 2007–2009, during which the country’s real GDP declined by only 4.3% and the unemployment rate peaked below 10 percent. It spread from the United States to the rest of the world and continued from late 1929 until the early 1940s. The Great Depression was a major global economic depression that took place primarily in the 1930s, starting in the United States.

Those years were followed by a recovery in the mid-1930s, but unemployment remained high throughout the decade and economic activity plummeted again in 1938, leading some writers to argue that the Great Depression did indeed precede the onset of the economic crisis. Global depression. Second War. Life expectancy stabilized or declined in the 1920s, followed by increases in life expectancy for white and nonwhite men and women during the Great Depression, and a decline in 1936, coinciding with periods of strong economic growth and increases in life expectancy in the latter. Part of the 1930s For example, among men aged 60 to 64, the death rate increased between 1921 and 1923. (during periods of strong economic growth) and then remained more or less stable for the rest of the decade and into the early 1930s. Depression), and then increased again in 1936 (when strong growth resumed).


This 20-year period provides a suitable timeframe for comparing the Great Depression with the immediate precedent of the 1920s, a period of strong economic growth, and with the boom that followed in the mid-1930s.

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