The Carnatic Wars involved many independent rulers and their vassals in a territorial succession conflict including diplomatic and military battles between the French East India Company and the British East India Company. The British and French went to war for the succession to the Austrian throne and to expand their colonies on the American continent. In India, the Anglo-French rivalry in India formed three Carnatic wars to decide whether the English, not the French, were the right ones to establish their rule over the country.
The immediate result of the Carnatic Wars was that the power struggle between French and British for French influence in India was doomed to fail and the British were able to gain a foothold in India. The outbreak of the Seven Years’ War in Europe in 1756 led to a renewed conflict between French, British and Indian forces. In the first battle between the English and the French, the French continued the Austrian succession war in India which began in 1740 in Europe.
It left it to the British and French to fight for control of trade and political power in India. The Third Carnatic War spread to South India and Bengal after British troops conquered the French settlements of Chandernagore and Chandannagar in 1757. The war was decided in the south when the British defended Madra under Sir Eyre Coote and defeated the French in the Battle of Wandiwash under the command of Comte de Villere in 1760.
The British had the help of Nizam candidate Anwar Ud Din to free Dupleix and the French from Madras. In September 1746, the French conquered Madras without resistance from the British and were taken prisoner of war. On September 21, 1746, they captured the British outpost in the city of Madras.
When news of the war outbreak reached India via Austrian succession, French general governor, Marquis Joseph-Francois Dupleix (1696-1763) tried to establish neutrality between the French and British East India companies. When he asked Anwar-ud-Din for protection from the Nawab of Carnati he was turned away and warned that his province was neutral territory and no attack on French possessions would be tolerated. However, D tupleix, as governor of the French company, was furious and decided to fight the English and sought support from La Bourdonnai, a French naval commander in Mauritius.
On September 5th, the French attacked a British settlement 80 miles south of Madras (now Chennai) under the command of Marquis Joseph Dupleix, governor of Pondicherry. The Indian prince tried to avert a war with the fortress, but the French resisted and ordered the capture of the city and captured the entire garrison. D tupleix had additional French troops from Mauritius to defend itself against a naval attack by the French fleet against Great Britain, and the island was in danger of being taken when Madras was under the control of the English.
The British captured French ships, the French conquered Madras, and the British besieged Pondicherry. The British and French in India learned that the Aix-la-Chapelle Treaty was signed on 18 October 1748, ending the War of Austrian Succession and the First Carnatic War. It was an armistice, but it was broken by the French and British and the war was renewed in 1756.
When the Austrian War of Succession began in Europe, the English and French complained about peace in India, as demanded by their respective home governments. The French Government agreed and the British Government responded to the request of the French company.
It sent a naval fleet to destroy French trade with India. The British fleet succeeded in destroying all French ships in the Indian Ocean. One of them belonged to Dupleix, the governor of the French company, who was angry and determined to fight against the French troops that led to the outbreak of the First Carnatic War in 1746. The war led to the signing of the Aix-la-Chapelle Treaty in 1748 which led to peace and restoration of India.
One of the most important organizers of the Carnatic war was Frenchman Joseph-Francois Dupleix, who came to India in 1715 and became the governor of the French East India Company in 1742. He sought to expand French influence in India, which was limited to a few trading posts of which Pondicherry was the most important on the coast of Coromandel. The French governor who led the French troops in the First Carnatic War D Tupleix, sought to increase his power and political influence in southern India, interfere in local dynastic disputes, and defeat the English.
The first Carnatic War is the most remembered for the Battle of St. Thome near Madras, fought between French and the forces of Anwar Ud Din, the Nawab of the Carnati, whom the English had asked for help.
As French governor of Pondicherry, Dupleix raised an army of Indian sepoys and French officers in India. He understood the superiority of the European armies and used the advantages and influence of Indian princes to establish French hegemony in southern India. The Austrian Succession War was fought between the Kingdoms of Prussia, Spain, France, Bavaria, and Sweden, and India began to appear on the coast of Coromandel in the British fleet.
While Dupleix was governor of the French trading company in India, his rival was Robert Clive, a British soldier who became a hero of the Carnatic war by providing Bengal to Britain at the Battle of Plassey and controlling it from Mohammad Ali, another Carnatic prince supported by the British, and Hyder Ali, the Muslim ruler of the kingdom of Mysore in southern India.
The Carnatic Wars were a series of military battles between the British and French Marathas in the 18th century for control of the coastal strip of East India between Madras (Chennai) and the Tamil state. The Carnatic Wars were a series of military conflicts between the American-British and French-Marathas in the 17th century for control of a coastal strip in eastern India from Madras to the Tamil state of Tamil Nadu. It refers to a series of political and military conflicts between the British East India Company and the French East India Company over the role of Nawab of Carnatic and Nizam of Hyderabad.