Russia

What Is The Romanov Dynasty?

During the reign of the Rurik dynasty which died with the death of Tsar Feodor in 1598, the Romanov family became a boyar, the highest rank of the Russian nobility in the Grand Duchy of Moscow and in Tsarist Russia. Russia experienced 15 chaotic years after the death of Fedor, the last ruler of the

Read More »

What Is The Battle Of Zorndorf?

The Battle of Zorndorf, which took place on August 25, 1758, during the Seven Years War, was fought between Russian troops under command of Count Wilhelm Fermor and a Prussian army under the control of King Frederick the Great, the battle was unsuccessful with both armies holding up and winning victory. East of the Oder

Read More »

What Is The White Army?

The commanders of the White Army were former Tsarist generals who took control of the anti-Bolshevik forces in certain regions. Most white forces were led by former Tsarist commanders of varying abilities and knowledge. Among the various different white forces, the most important was the large volunteer army in southern Russia. General Lawr Kornilov organized

Read More »

What is Prussia?

On 18 January 1701 Frederick William, son of Prince-Elector Frederick III., formally elevated the Duchy of Prussia, which had previously commanded a title under the Polish crown, to a duchy (kingdom) and crowned him King Frederick I. Before its abolition, the territory of the Prussian state comprised the provinces of West Prussia (now East Prussia),

Read More »

What Is The Russian Civil War?

The Russian October Revolution of 1917 led to a civil war between the Bolshevik government and a number of rebel armies. The war is said to have begun in 1918, but fierce fighting began in 1917. In Moscow the Bolsheviks formed a military and political alliance with Nestor Makhno, a Ukrainian anarchist whose black army

Read More »

What is Russification?

The term “Russification” refers to strategies aimed at spreading Russian culture and language among non-Russians. Unplanned russification by American historian Edward C. Thaden describes the natural process of cultural assimilation in which certain individuals or groups adopt the Russian language and Russian Orthodox religion. A series of policies and processes that encourage non-Russians to adopt

Read More »

What Is The January Uprising Of 1863?

As it was called in Poland, the January Uprising was waged as a guerrilla war, with smaller attacks by individual Russian units and major battles that the Poles could not win. The leaders of the conspiracies began the uprising in January 1863 and counted on the support of the peasants and the help of Western

Read More »

What Is The Russo-Japanese War?

The Russian-Japanese war was a 1904-1905 military conflict between the Russian Empire and the Japanese Empire. The Russo-Japanese War began because of a dispute over influence in Southeast Asia and ended in an embarrassing defeat for the Russian Empire, which revealed significant problems for the Tsarist regime. Tsar Nicholas II regarded Japan as an easy

Read More »

What Is Trotskyism?

Leon Trotsky regarded himself as an orthodox Marxist-Leninist or Leninist and advocated the establishment of an avant-garde party that would use all necessary means to impose socialism. During his early involvement in Russian socialist politics, Trotsky with Vladimir Lenin clashed over the organization of revolutionary parties, but such clashes served Stalin well since he portrayed

Read More »

What Is The Sino-Japanese War?

The First Sino-Japanese War (May 25 — April 17, 1895 ) was a conflict between the Qing dynasty in China and the Japanese Empire over the influence of Joseon Korea. It was a great battle with troop movements from 1 August 1894 to 17 April 1895 in Korea, Manchuria, Taiwan, and the Yellow Sea, which

Read More »