The ancient Greeks believed that Troy was close to the Dardanelles and that the Trojan War was a historical event in the 13th or 12th century BC, but by the middle of the 19th century AD, both the war and the city were considered unhistorical. But at the end of the 19th century, archaeologists led by Heinrich Schliemann discovered the remains of a large citadel that existed on the western coast of Asia Minor, the traditional site of Troy, and which seemed to have been captured by a major war within a year. 1250 BC, an era consistent with the traditional history of the Trojan War. Even a millennium later, Alexander the Great made sure to visit the remains of Troy on his journey to conquer Asia and, presumably, took the Greek armor left there from the war.
In traditional tales, Paris, the son of the king of Troy, fled with Helen, wife of Menelaus, from Sparta, whose brother Agamemnon then led the Greek campaign against Troy. According to the ancient Greek epic poet Homer, the Trojan War was caused by Paris, the son of the king of Troy, and Helen, the wife of the Greek king Menelaus, when they traveled to Troy together. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was fought against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after the Trojan Paris took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta.
War is one of the most important events in Greek mythology, and it is described in many Greek literary works, mainly Homer’s Iliad. Many of the most famous episodes of the war, from the kidnapping of Helena to the Trojan horse and the looting of Troy, all come from the so-called “epic cycle” stories collected in the 6th century BC. The history of the Trojan War, the conflict between the Bronze Age Trojan Kingdom and the Greek Mycenae Kingdom, spanned the history and mythology of ancient Greece and inspired the greatest writers of ancient times, from Homer, Herodotus, and Sophocle To Virgil.
According to classical sources, the war began after Trojan Prince Paris kidnapped (or escaped from love) Queen Helena in Sparta. But Paris’s sentence angered Hera and Athena. When Helen left her husband, Menelaus, king of Sparta, to Paris in Troy, Menelaus invited all the kings and princes of Greece to war with Troy. In order to correct this error, Menelaus, with the help of other Greek kings and warriors, including his brothers Agamemnon, Ulysses, Ajax, and Achilles, led an army to Troy, and Paris, his brother Hector, and their father Priam goes to war. The rest of the Trojans. Menelaus asked his brother King Agamemnon to lead the Greek princes and warriors against Troy in order to return to Helen and punish the Trojans.
At the same time, Hector, another son of Priam and the main fighter of the Trojan warrior withdrew his army from the besieged city to attack the Greeks. Under the command of the charismatic Achilles, the Greek army besieged Troy for 10 years and finally used the Trojan horse to ransack the city. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was a legendary war lasting ten years. Greek warriors besieged the city of Troy on the northwest coast of Asia Minor.
The Trojan War took place between the Greeks in the late Bronze Age and the guards of Troy in Anatolia. Troy and the Trojan War has become a basic myth in classical Greek and Roman literature and has been re-examined many times by writers such as Aeschylus Agamemnon, Euripides Troy, and Virgil Anis. Today, many scholars agree that the Troy War was based on the historical core of the Greek expedition to Troy, but few would argue that Homer’s poems accurately reflected the actual events of the war.
However, war was also the subject of a long oral tradition prior to Homer’s work, and this, when combined with other sources such as fragmentary verses from the epic cycle, gives us a more complete picture of what the Greeks considered war. However, Homer had a great influence on Greek culture and education and became a major source of the Trojan War – although he was believed to have lived in the 8th or 9th century BC, the Trojan War is believed to have occurred about 500 years later.
Troy was an ancient and wealthy city in Asia Minor, ruled by King Priam. His son Paris was invited to judge which goddess—Aphrodite, Hera, or Athena—had the right to be called The most beautiful goddess. The gods not only did not watch the Trojan War on Mount Olympus but sided with Hera. In the story of the Paris Trial, Zeus’s wife was one of the three who claimed that the Golden Apple was the most beautiful goddess. The Trojans also received the help of the gods and were helped by Apollo, Aphrodite, Ares, and Leto in the battle. For nine years, the Greeks ravaged the city of Troy and the surrounding area, but the city itself, well-fortified and ruled by Hector and the other sons of the royal family, resisted.
The siege was fought and clashed from time to time, including the death of the legendary Trojan Prince Hector and the almost invincible Achilles. It lasted for more than 10 years, until the morning when the Greek army left the camp, a horse was left outside the gate. Big Trojan Horse. Troy. The Trojans took their horses outside the city walls, but when they were drunk to celebrate their victory, the Greeks dismounted and opened the walls for the returning Greek army. The city was looted and residents were killed or enslaved. The Greeks returned at night; their comrades dismounted and opened the gates, and the city of Troy was destroyed. The war basically came to an end: the Greeks could not occupy the city, and the Trojans could not drive them back to the sea.
We, “the sons of the Achaeans [Greeks], are more numerous than the Trojans living in the city; but among them, there are comrades from other cities who hold their spears to help them, ”we read in the Iliad. … This scene contains everything that the ancient Greeks and Trojans considered both the best and the worst in war. It is important that the legend of the brave Greeks who besieged Troy and conquered it with the help of a Trojan horse has inspired generations and generations.
For Daisy Dunn, the writer, clecyst, and critic, Homer’s The Iliad was a vivid description of real war, because the Greeks of the time needed it. The grim realities of battle are so emphatically described in the Iliad that it’s hard to believe they weren’t based on observation. They laid siege to the city, but in more than nine years made little progress in the war.