What Is The Peru-Bolivian Confederation?

Neighboring countries, notably Chile and Argentina, have opposed viewing the Peru-Bolivia federation as a potential military and economic threat since its inception, and against its support for dissidents in exile. The creation of the Peruvian-Bolivian Confederation had a major impact on sectors in southern Peru that could benefit from free trade, but was not welcomed by elites in Lima and northern Peru, traditionally close to Chilean trade Chile. In turn, this federated state is seen as a threat to its economic interests. The direct conflict between the Peruvian-Bolivian Federation and Chile began with a tariff disagreement and continued when former Chilean President General Ramon Freira managed to get a small subsidy from the government to equip the frigates and tried to wrest power from Prieto administrative.

Argentina was defeated in 1837, but the combined forces of dissidents from Chile and northern Peru won the Battle of Yunque in January 1839, when Peru and Bolivia were restored as independent states, the Peruvian-Bolivian alliance effectively ended, Marshal Andrés de Santa Cruz fled into exile. Chile defeated the Peruvian navy at Cosma on January 12, 1839, these Chilean victories destroyed the Peruvian-Bolivian Federation, made Chile the dominion of the west coast, brought unity and patriotism to the Chilean elite, and empowered the Chilean military pride and mission. Soldiers with foreign missions.


After years of internal turmoil in newly independent Bolivia and Peru, the revolutionary general decisively defeated Peruvian troops and effectively ruled Bolivia, uniting them in the Peruvian-Bolivian Federation. Marshal Andres de Santa Cruz became its Supreme Protector, as well as the Supreme Protector of the Peruvian states and the President of the Republic of Bolivia.

In 1836, Bolivian leader Andrés Santa Cruz created the Chile-Peru-Bolivia Federation. Years later, an ambitious political plan emerged, the main impetus of which was the Bolivian Marshal Andres de Santa Cruz, who advocated a confederation based on the territories of Peru and Bolivia Nations, historically have been united through various ties, primarily economic ties.

Marshal Andrés de Santa Cruz took over the supreme defense of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation, while General Luis Orbegoso retained only the presidency of Bolivia. On June 20, 1836, the Tapacari Congress met in Bolivia on an emergency basis to empower the President of the Republic of Bolivia, Andrés de Santa Cruz, so that Andrés de Santa Cruz could assume the office of President of Bolivia and Protector of South and North Peru while also being President of Bolivia. With all the legal elements provided by the assemblies of the three states, Andrés de Santa Cruz decreed the creation of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation by decree proclaimed at Lima on October 28, 1836; convene a congress of plenipotentiaries of the three republics.


Marshal Andres de Santa Cruz and the Confederation were diplomatically recognized as the major world powers (Britain, France and the United States) with interests in the region, while Chile’s allies Argentina and Ecuador decided to remain in the war neutral. The Bolivian Congress later rejected these concessions, Chile declared war on Bolivia and Peru in 1879, and the two countries secretly signed a mutual defense agreement.

Chile, flanked by the Peruvians opposing the Bolivian dictator, persisted in their struggle until, under the command of General Manuel Bulnes, they inflicted a final defeat on the forces of the Peruvian-Bolivian Confederation at the Battle of Yungay (Ancash Department, Peru) on January 15, 1839. A year before recognition, strained relations between Chile and Peru set off one of the first skirmishes between the confederation and other South American countries such as Argentina.

Chile’s leader took advantage of this diplomatic oversight to ask Santa Cruz to apologize for the arrest; repay Chile the money that Chile lent to Peru; offer compensation for the termination of the expedition of a political opponent; and, finally, he not only limits the Peruvian naval forces, but also dissolves the Peruso-Bolivian Confederation. That the singing detachments of the Bolivian army on the northern border of the confederation with neighboring Peru, the anarchist expedition sent to the shores of Chile from the ports of neighboring Peru under the notorious patronage of agents of the military leader Andres Santa Cruz, and his simultaneous, successive and perfidious intrigues aimed at creating an uprising in Chile, confirm the existence of a political plan subordinated to the interests of the usurper, the independence and honor of the states bordering Peru and Bolivia. The following year, Peru quickly used the armed uprising in Chuquisaca as a pretext to invade Bolivia.


If the Chileans also returned to their own place, he offered to leave with Blanco’s troops in Bolivia; the National Assembly should convene as soon as Peru was rid of all foreign troops, and should again allow the people to decide whether to join the Peruvian-Bolivian federation. Although he accepted the Bolivian presidency in Bolivia and accepted it with all his energy and determination, he remained convinced that it was possible and beneficial to unify Peru and Bolivia into one federation. Antonio José de Sucre was elected president of Bolivia in 1826, but political pressure from Peru and internal unrest prevented him from organizing Bolivia.

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