The outbreak of the disease known as Cyprian plague, which dates from 250 to 270 AD, began around Easter in Ethiopia and spread to Rome, Greece and Syria. Christians admired the presence of the plague in the city – the state of Cyprus, the birthplace of Jesus Christ. Ironically, the plague was named after Saint Cyprusan, the bishop of Carthage. He is named after him because he was one of the witnesses who recorded the spread of the flu pandemic in great detail. In his writings on the life of his martyrdom, his deacon Pontius described an illness that was contagious and affected many people.
This theory can be supported by evidence that the rapid devaluation of silver coins took place at the very same time as the plague struck the Roman Empire. This correlation is a logical consequence when one considers a number of other historical events, such as the outbreak of bubonic plague in Egypt and the collapse of Rome, to name but a few historical and literary evidence of pandemics. Although scientists still do not know what the pathogen was, estimates of how many people died of the plague in the Empire vary. The third century Cypriot plague had a very detailed description of events, with detailed descriptions of their symptoms and their effects.
What we know about this outbreak is that it was named after the city of Cyprian, the capital of the Ottoman Empire and home to a large Greek population. About 5,000 people died in the deadly pandemic, which later became known as the plague of Cyprus. Archaeologists have now apparently found victims of this widespread disease in a pit in Luxor, Egypt.
Ovens used for lime production – covered victims were found in a pit where affected people were burned to stop the spread of this highly contagious disease, which is being called the end of the global pandemic. Archaeologists in Egypt have found evidence that the plague of Cyprian claimed victims in the second half of the 3rd century. The remains were found where a campfire had burned many victims of an ancient epidemic near the city of Thebes, Egypt.
The Cyprian plague killed an estimated 5,000 people a day in Rome alone, so-called because the epidemic was called the end of the world. In 2014, archaeologists found what appeared to be a mass burial site for plague victims in Luxor. Contemporary scientists, who believe that it may have been a form of smallpox or measles, have taken this as a sign that they are taking their first steps toward a cure. In 270, the pandemic claimed the life of Emperor Claudius II Gothicus and is said to have contributed to the later fall of the Roman Empire. Some sources claim that in Rome alone, it claimed more than 5,000 lives a day and that the victims included not only the emperor himself, but also his family and friends. Although the plague did not prove to be a harbinger of the end of the world, many historians believe that it weakened and hastened the fall.
There have been many other cases of smallpox that have broken out worldwide, and human history, a deadly disease that was eradicated in 1979 after a large-scale vaccination campaign. The lime production shows how scared the locals were of the disease.
The Egyptian Grand Master named Harwa built his own tomb in this place, and the tomb was built as a burial chamber for those killed by the plague of Cypriot. The burial was used for his funeral and his successor Akhimenru had his own grave built there, but it was never built.
As LiveScience reports, the human remains found at the site were covered with lime, a historically used disinfectant. The researchers from MAIL also found three kilns where lime was produced, and other human remains scattered in what looks like a huge bonfire, where many of the plague victims appear to have been burned. The pottery found in the kilns allowed scientists to date the site to the third century AD, when the so-called plague of Cyprian devastated Egypt and the rest of the Roman Empire. The plague, now known as the Cyprusan Plague, swept through Egypt and other parts of Europe, sweeping Egypt – and the rest of the Roman Empire – reportedly claiming more than 5,000 victims in Rome alone. After publishing their findings in Egyptian archaeology, the MAIL researchers believe they have discovered a burial site for the victims of the Theban plague.
The plague of 165-180 AD (also known as the “Plague of Galen”) was an ancient pandemic of smallpox and measles brought back to the Roman Empire by troops returning from a campaign in the Middle East. The epidemic claimed the lives of Lucius Verus, who died in 169, and his son Antoninus (who ruled as co-regent in 180 and gave the epidemic the surname Antonineus). The disease broke out and caused 2,000 deaths a day in Rome, a quarter of which were from Rome.