It began in the early 20th century, when members of the Wesleyan Sanctity Movement began speaking in tongues and calling themselves baptized in the Holy Spirit, as well as with the act of Pentecost. Baptism by the Spirit is to give strength to those who live apostolic lives and engage in apostolic ministry, including prayer service, service to the poor, and adoration of the Word of God and Holy Communion. It includes a number of denominations, such as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which emphasize the presence of Christ in all aspects of life, from baptism. The two largest denominations of sanctity, which emerged from the national “movement of sanctity,” are the Church of the Nazarene and the Church of Pilgrimage. This movement has been going on in the United States, Canada, Australia and Europe since the early 20th century.
The most important church in this regard is the one that was founded in Iowa in 1894 and is called the Fire Baptist Heiiness Church. The holiness pilgrimage group was the forerunner of modern Pentecostalism, but many of the early Nazarene churches dropped the word “Pentecostals” from their names by taking it up in their names and publicly distancing themselves from the nineteenth-century movement of sanctification when they concluded that emotionalism and tongue – speaking – had become more important to them. In the United States, the Church of Pilgrimage, a small group of “sacred” Baptist pastorals began to call themselves “pilgrimages,” which they proclaimed as a complement to the more established Pentacostals such as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the Lutheran Church in America. Although most scholars clearly see Pentecostalism as part of Protestantism, the Pentecostals of the early twentieth century were more preoccupied with the idea that the early church had fallen into utter apostasy and that God had restored the original church. The core faith is that of the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of God and the Word of Jesus Christ. Most Pentecostals consider tongue-speaking as a necessary step to receive baptism by the Holy Spirit.
At Pentecost services, clergy often encourage converts to look for spiritual gifts that are intended to intensify the religious experience. One of the spiritual gifts of the popular Pentecostals, which are not necessarily prominent in the Christian church, is speaking in tongues. Here it is important to draw attention to oneself in order to gain a better understanding of how the world view of Pentecostals differs from that of mainstream Christians. Pentecostals teach that speaking in tongues is a spiritual gift of the Holy Spirit, not a physical manifestation of God’s power. After the baptism of the Holy Spirit, the first proof of this event is the glossolalia (“speaking in tongues”). Every Pentecostal believes that what is spoken is only God-approved language (i.e., glossalalia), a foreign language that the speaker does not know or understand (2 Corinthians 5: 4).
Today Pentecostals receive the same gift that the Apostles and Christians of the first century received: the gift of tongues, a gift of God. Pentecostals believe in the baptism of the Holy Spirit, as evidenced by their ability to speak in tongues and the power of tongues. The power to exercise this gift of the Spirit comes and is claimed only after a believer has been baptized, not after the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
The first wave, Pentecostalism itself, spawned churches such as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the United Methodist Church, and the Presbyterian Church. The charismatic movement, as it is called, is a group of churches that have certain distinctive Pentecostal theology and practices. Examples of Pentecosterone denominations and faith groups are the Pentecostal Church of the New World Order, Penteca, New Life or the Baptist Church in North America, Baptist Churches in the Middle East and North Africa, Churches for the Unity of Pentecost and Churches in South America. The third wave, which began in the 1980s, is a branch of evangelicalism that includes Pentecostalism and a number of other denominations, such as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the United Methodist Church and the Presbyterian Church. Historically, Methodism, or the holiness movement, preceded Pentecost and Pentecalism. It anticipated its doctrine and, of course, it still exists today as a religious movement. In passing on its distinctive theology and practice, it includes the following theological, experiential and missionary areas.
Because of this overlapping history, it is difficult to determine the exact origins of Pentecostalism and its relationship to other denominations. There is a lot of confusion because people and scholars lie about what is called “so – and – so,” and because of this confusion some churches are often wrongly called “Pentecostal” because they adhere to it. Confusion is also created by the fact that the word “fifteen” is often associated only with the emotional behavior of the Church.