Catatonia affects a person’s mental function and behavior and can occur in different ways at any time of the day or night, such as during sleep, eating, sleep deprivation or even in the presence of other people. Sufferers do not react in a normal way to other people’s stimuli and do not affect their behavior.
Catatonia, which is often characterized by an “anesthesia” in which a person cannot move or speak, can occur at any time of the day or night, although it can occur during a manic phase. Episodes of catatonia associated with mental or medical disorders are diagnosed when an individual exhibits psycho-motor characteristics that can be included as well as unresponsiveness and are associated with mental disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia – such as disorders, anxiety disorders and depression.
The symptoms of catatonic disorders caused by disease are indistinguishable from those that occur in schizophrenia or mood disorders. However, in one person with schizophrenia, catatonic like symptoms of the disease were detected. It is also possible that catatonic symptoms may occur in other mood disorders, including bipolar I and bipolar II disorders, which include a milder form of mania called hypo-mania, as well as mixed disorders with concurrent mania and depression.
When this behavioral syndrome, which can in some cases have serious health consequences if left untreated, occurs in people with schizophrenia. Although affected by people without schizophrenia, the syndrome can also occur in people with other mental disorders such as bipolar I or bipolar II, experts say. Symptoms of both schizophrenia and catatonia can vary widely among patients, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), so the catatonic behavior of some patients can pose a diagnosis challenge.
Electroencephalography is essential for accurate diagnosis, and rapid treatment can minimize cognitive damage. Once a diagnosis is made, treatment of catatonia is generally effective and can work quickly. Antispasmodic status epilepticus can also cause an catatonic condition, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is believed that the abulic syndrome caused by neurological injuries is a neurological version of catatonia. The confirmation that a delirium patient suffers from a “catatonic episode” is extremely important, as anti-psychotics can aggravate the simple catatonia, leading to malignant catatonia.
Doctors believe the catatonia may overlap or coexist with hypo active delirium and assess it by looking for reduced blinking. Reduced eyebrows, eye movements and eye movements may indicate the presence of catatonia and the possibility that it may become embedded in delirium. Stiff person syndrome is an autoimmune disease that is accompanied by severe spasmodic stiffness of the lower limb, which can look like catatonic postures. Locking syndrome causes a pontine lesion and can be distinguished from catatonia because the patient usually tries to communicate with his eyes.
Before a physical examination, it is important to check the patient’s blood pressure, heart rate and blood sugar. Check the table for a report of the last 24 hours and check all changes in the blood – sugar levels or oxygen levels in the blood. Sufferers may have periods of withdrawal and periods of arousal, but symptoms may decrease between episodes. Some studies suggest that different sub types are underpinned by different types of stressors, such as anxiety disorder and depression. Symptoms include agitation that is not affected by external stimuli, as well as delusions and hallucinations.
Catatonia can be difficult to diagnose, as at least three symptoms must be present to diagnose Catatonia. The characteristics of this disorder are characteristic of many other disorders, and physical ailments with similar characteristics are schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Symptoms of catatonia can occur in a range of mental disorders, including substance and drug-induced psychotic disorders. Catatonia can occur in single episodes or come and go for months or years. It can also occur during the manic phase, as in the case of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other mental disorders.
It is also possible that catatonic symptoms may occur in other mood disorders, including a milder form of mania, called hypo-mania, which occurs in bipolar II disorder, or in mixed disorders, where mania and depression occur simultaneously. In a person with schizophrenia however, the atonal symptoms of this catatonic disease are shown by the absence of other symptoms, such as dizziness, nausea or vomiting. Symptoms of catatonic disorder caused by this disease are indistinguishable from those associated with schizophrenia or mood disorders. This is because the actions appear relatively pointless and are repeated, also known as stereotypical behaviors. Affected people can experience dramatic decreases in activity, with voluntary movement being stopped until catatonic stupidity occurs.