Bulimia nervosa, also known as bulimia, is a serious and life-threatening eating disorder. Bulimia is a disturbing mental illness and eating disorder that can have serious and life-long consequences. The onset of the disorder usually occurs in adolescence (13-20 years), and in many cases, after successful treatment and remission with episodic binge-out and cleansing, many sufferers fall back into adulthood.
Social and cultural ideals that assign values based on body weight and shape could also play a role. It is believed that social attitudes towards the appearance of the body, which are often unrealistic, play a major role. Teenagers with bulimia nervosa often come from families with high stress levels, poor communication patterns, high expectations, and underdeveloped problem-solving skills. People with bulimia are also more likely to have a family history of eating disorders, physical illness, or other mental health problems. Other diseases such as substance abuse, anxiety, and mood disorders are also common in people who have the disorder and the causes of bulimia are unknown.
People with bulimia can consume large amounts of food, lose control of their food or try to get rid of extra calories in an unhealthy way. Getting rid of calories can prevent weight gain, but people with bulimia can use different methods. People with bulimia can go through periods where they binge eat a lot in a short period of time without getting sick, take laxatives to help them, or exercise excessively or some combination of these to prevent them from gaining weight.
Studies on the efficacy of the treatment of bulimia seem to show that the psychotherapeutic treatment of bulimia is superior to drug or behavioral therapy. Nutritional advice has been shown to help reduce sufferers’ propensity to clean up their behavior. This includes teaching the bulimic individual how to eat healthily.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is considered superior to other forms of psychotherapy used to treat bulimia. It can help alleviate the disorder, reduce the likelihood of bulimia returning, and help sufferers of eating disorders change their mindset on certain issues. Family therapy is used to treat bulimia in adolescents. The increasing awareness of the symptoms and causes of bulimia nervosa and the intervention against it have led to a significant reduction of 1% of the patients.
The term “bulimia” refers to any eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating(Bingeing means eating large amounts of food that you eat in a short time (less than 2 hours) Episodes of binge eating can occur several times a day or several times a week, followed by compensatory behavior such as cleansing and fasting and excessive exercise and fasting and worries about body shape and weight.
Bulimia is an eating disorder, but can also be described as a mental disorder. Differences in bulimia include cleansing behaviors such as forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, and fasting. Some people with bulimia exercise regularly or do extreme sports (several hours a day). Diagnosis can be complicated by the fact that many people with eating disorders conceal their behavior. People with bulimia can go to great lengths to hide their symptoms, and as a result, family and friends can overlook signs of a problem. As with other eating disorders, people with bulimia can be kept quiet about their behavior both internally and externally due to feelings of shame and guilt.
On average, bulimia nervosa develops in a person in their late teens or early 20s but can persist for some time. The purging type refers to a less well-understood version of the behavior of bulimia nervosa. This is an individual involved in the aforementioned binge-eating behavior, followed by cleansing behaviors such as vomiting, laxatives, diuretics, and enemas, and forced vomiting as we mentioned before.
Bulimia nervosa is a non-purifying form, but this does not mean that the individual does not exhibit compensatory behavior aimed at reversing binge-eating behavior. If certain symptoms do not meet the criteria used to diagnose bulimia (for example, the binge-purge cycle does not occur as frequently as expected), they may be diagnosed with OSFED or other specified nutrition disorders. The National Institute of Mental Health has noted that eating disorders in families occur, suggesting that genetic factors might play a role.
Many factors play a role in the development of eating disorders including genetics, biology, emotional health, social expectations, and other issues. Women may be more susceptible to eating disorders such as bulimia, but they are not gender-specific. A person with bulimia nervosa feels a lack of control when eating large amounts of food over a short time period. They may feel guilt or shame during these episodes and may exhibit compensatory behavior to prevent weight gain.
For example, more than one million Australians live with eating disorders. Contrary to popular belief, eating disorders are not just a problem for teenage girls. Once an eating disorder is diagnosed, the person who has access to treatment has a greater chance of recovery and improved quality of life.