What Is Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)?

FGM is the practice to remove parts of the external female genitalia, usually from the clitoris, vagina or anus of a female child. It is also known as female circumcision and is the most common form of female genital mutilation (FGM) in the Middle East and North Africa. Although this may be a deeply rooted practice, it is practiced in many countries around the world, particularly in Africa and Asia. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a term used to highlight the physical, emotional and psychological consequences of the procedure. This term refers to the practice as a violation of human rights, because it is associated with this practice and because it is mostly carried out on young girls.

Female Genital Cut (FGC) is a term also used by activists and health advocates to highlight the dangers associated with the practice. Sometimes female genital mutilation (cut) or female genital mutilation is also referred to as a form of female circumcision or as an alternative to the traditional method of circumcision. It is misleading to compare the practice with male circumcision, as female genital mutilation is a much more invasive procedure and is not performed for medical purposes. Female circumcision is another term used to describe a practice that does not take into account the damage caused by female circumcision. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is the act of intentionally cutting, injuring or altering the female genitals where they are intentionally cut, and there is no medical reason for this.

Female circumcision (or cut) is also known as female genital mutilation (FGM), FGM (C) is usually performed before menstruation begins, but can also be performed on young girls aged 12. FGM (C) is a highly complex, sensitive and politicized issue that is difficult to understand and underestimate even for those who are familiar with the history of FGM and its effects on women. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines FGM (C) as a procedure in which the female genitalia are removed for non-medical reasons. UNICEF estimates that 200 million women have already practiced the practice and that by 2050, more than 63 million girls could have it. This year, it is estimated that more than three million girls worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM).

Police and border guards are now stepping up efforts to tackle FGM at airports on both sides of the Atlantic. Although the practice, which involves the partial or total removal of female genitalia, is illegal in the UK, some girls still see it as a cultural practice, campaigner Leyla Hussein warned this week. Many victims take their first steps by having their genitals cut off to family members, friends or even strangers. Female genital mutilation, also known as female circumcision, is one of the most common forms of sexual violence against women and girls worldwide. In 2016, UNICEF estimates that 200 million women in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa underwent the procedure. This practice is widespread in all countries and also in parts of Asia, Latin America, Africa and South America.

A Detroit emergency doctor has been arrested and charged with performing female genital mutilation on a young girl at a medical clinic in Livonia, authorities said. Dr Jumana Nagarwala, 44, of Northville, was charged in connection with allegations she mutilated female genitalia on the girl, who was aged between six and eight, at her live birth practice. Female genital mutilation, or “FGM,” includes all procedures that intentionally alter the injury of the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. FGM is widespread in some countries worldwide, but is illegal in many countries and there is no medical benefit to FGM. Female genital mutilation is a traumatic and extremely dangerous procedure that causes serious injuries to a woman’s genitals. The procedure can cause serious health problems, such as an increased risk of death for a newborn.

Women who undergo FGM face a number of health risks, including the risk of cancer, infertility, birth defects and other health problems, as well as infertility. There are other organizations that can help people who have gone through FGM or who may be threatened with it. There are many different ways to remove all or part of the female genitalia or cause other injuries to the female genitalia without any medical indication. Often misleadingly referred to as female circumcision, it is carried out for culturally deeply rooted reasons that span several continents.

The motivation for this practice is often cited as lack of access to health services, loss of self-esteem or fear of violence. In most other cases, women are forced to do so without their consent, often without the knowledge or consent of their parents or other relatives.

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