Botany is a branch of biology that deals with the study of plants and their relationship to other plants, animals and the environment. It is science that examines how plants function, how they look, how they are related to each other, where they grow and how people use them, or how plants have developed. A scientist who studies plants (including flowering plants) is called a botanist. The many other fields include industrial workers, as well as humanities and cultural scientists such as art, music, literature, art history, natural sciences, medicine, engineering, and many others.
The many other natural, technical and mathematical (STEM) subjects such as engineering, mathematics, physics and computer science. This includes the humanities and cultural sciences as well as the arts and natural sciences. The knowledge and principles of botany allow us to apply this science in a wide range of fields such as agriculture, medicine, forestry and agricultural management. The state agencies that deal with both horticulture and agriculture, such as the US Department of Agriculture (USDA). Botany is known for its study of plants, but it is also a part of science and traditionally includes the studies of algae, fungi, psychologists and mycologists. Plants included in this study are flowering plants such as flowers, leaves, stems, roots and leaves of trees and shrubs.
Botany is thought to have its origins in prehistory, when early humans identified herbs and then cultivated and collected poisonous and medicinal plants for food production, making it one of the earliest branches of science known as herbalism. In a more narrow sense, the current botanists are scientists who study all plants, including the 369,000 flowering plant species, which comprise a total of over 410,000 land plant species. Botany investigates how plants are grown, bred and influenced by humans and how humans affect plants.
Scientists are investigating how different species of plants and animals are protected and how chemicals react with living organisms. Botanical specialists include biologists, chemists, pharmacologists, ecologists and other scientists from the fields of biology, chemistry, biology and medicine. The flowers, seeds, leaves and fruits studied can also have a major impact in agriculture, for example in the production of fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and other chemicals.
The word botany comes from the adjective botanical, which in turn comes from an ancient Greek word botanical, referring to plants, grasses and pastures. Botany is an organism of the kingdom of Plantae, also known as a plant, but it also has other, more specific meanings. It can refer to flowers, seeds, leaves, fruits, flowers and flowers of flowering plants as well as plants of other species. People have always been interested in plants because plants are naturally fascinating and can serve useful purposes, be it as food or medicine.
For many people, plants mean living beings, animals, bacteria and fungi. However, we are still aware of these types of groups; nowadays, scientists believe that algae and bacteria and fungi are the two most common groups of plants worldwide, along with fungi and algae. In this description, plants contain a variety of species, from flowering plants to tropical trees, grasses, herbs, flowers, fruits, berries, nuts and seeds. Although plant physiology and biochemistry can be considered taxonomic features that are therefore of interest for the classification of plants, it is not easy to separate them from botany. However, they differ in specific characteristics attributed exclusively or almost exclusively to plants. They are considered a branch of botany, as many physiological and biochemical processes that occur in plants are similar to those in animal organisms and can all be studied using similar methods.
Research into plants is important because they are a fundamental part of life on Earth, producing food, oxygen, fuel, medicine and fiber that enable other life forms to exist. Botany comprises a wide range of scientific disciplines that study plant physiology, biochemistry, biology, chemistry, genetics, ecology, evolution, physiology and biology. There are, however, some peculiarities in the nature of some scientific disciplines, such as botany and biophysics. Photosynthesis absorbs most animals “waste products, such as carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming.
This may sound simple, but botany covers a wide range of different aspects of plant biology, from the molecular to the cellular level. For example, plants can be studied at the molecular level and their current relationship to their environment. Plants used as cover crops, such as maize and soybeans, focus on research into their impact on climate change. They focus on their role in the production of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions, as well as the impact of their use in agriculture.
Plant ecologists study the relationships plants have with their environment, such as the wildlife communities to which they belong. The morphology of plants, which studies the shape of plants, is closely linked to classification.