What Is Methodological Naturalism?

What Is Methodological Naturalism?

Methodological naturalism, unlike philosophical naturalism, is the sensible, neutral working principle which confines the science of the day to natural causes. The scientific naturalism (or philosophical naturalism or scientism) worldview is not a worldview which … Read more


What Is Eliminative Materialism?

What Is Eliminative Materialism?

Eliminative materialism (also called eliminativism) is a perspective within the philosophy of mind which advocates for a version of materialism which is absolute in relation to the concepts of mind entities and mind vocabulary. Modern … Read more


What Is Monism?

What Is Monism?

Monism is most commonly seen with Panentheism, and Immanent God. Pantheism is closely related to monism, since pantheists also view all of reality as one single substance, called the universe, God, or Nature. In this … Read more

What Is Anti-Historicalism?

What Is Historicalism?

Historicalism is somewhat obscure as a term, but one does occasionally come across it in philosophy, especially when discussing theories of history and its nature. What is called 19th-century historicalism is, often, actually a brand … Read more

What Is The OTO?

What Is The OTO?

The OTO is a real community of people getting together and doing things, and making sure we are not just doing rituals and empty gestures, that it has its effects, that it works. People know … Read more

What Is Esotericism?

What Is Esotericism?

Esotericism refers to the doctrine or practice of knowing the mysteries, or to a state or state of being mysterious. The term may merely refer to any knowledge that is secret or reserved. The term … Read more

What Is Hard Determinism?

What Is Hard Determinism?

Hard determinism (or metaphysical determinism) is a viewpoint about free will which holds that determinism is true, is incompatible with free will, and thus there is no such thing as free will. Hard determinism is … Read more

What Is Stoicism?

What Is Stoicism?

Stoicism or Stoic philosophy is a philosophy of personal ethics and a methodology for seeking practical wisdom in life. Stoicism or Stoic philosophy was a school of ancient philosophy founded in Athens by the Phoenician … Read more

What Is Fatalism?

What Is Fatalism?

Fatalism is not a tautology, a theological principle, or an absurd claim about the inefficiency of human action. Fatalism does not assert or imply that a person’s actions do not affect future events. Fatalism is … Read more