The period of the “fake war” of England and France against Germany ended, the period when the war was declared, the troops were concentrated, but no active hostilities were carried out. Despite this, the British and French did nothing: Great Britain had only limited troops; France wanted to avoid a new war on its territory.
On 18 January 1701 Frederick William, son of Prince-Elector Frederick III., formally elevated the Duchy of Prussia, which had previously commanded a title under the Polish crown, to a duchy (kingdom) and crowned him King Frederick I. Before its abolition, the territory of the Prussian state comprised the provinces of West Prussia (now East Prussia),
The Civil War began in July 1936 in Spain when a group calling itself the nationalists, led by General Francisco Franco, used violence to overthrow the leftist government of the Spanish Republic. Like Hitler, Franco admired Benito Mussolini’s dictatorship in Italy, and he strove to create a Spain modeled on Mussolini’s fascist dictatorship. The nationalist-led
Mont Mouchet was the scene of a famous battle between Nazi troops and the French Resistance, which took place in Normandy. During the Second World War, the 4,900-metre summit of the Mont Mouchet became a major ally of French resistance to the German occupation and the scene of a fierce battle that claimed more than
The Treaty of Versailles signed in June 1919 in Versailles Palace in Paris to end the First World War codified the peace terms between the triumphant Allies and Germany. The treaty was one of several that ended the five-year conflict known as the First World War. She presented the conditions for peace between Germany and
More than a century after the defeat of Nazism and fascism the extreme right now challenges the liberal order of Western democracies. The outbreak of neo-Nazism and white supremacy in some countries has exposed the public symbol of the concept and ideology that originated in Nazi Germany and fascist movements of the Holocaust era. The
The First Sino-Japanese War (May 25 — April 17, 1895 ) was a conflict between the Qing dynasty in China and the Japanese Empire over the influence of Joseon Korea. It was a great battle with troop movements from 1 August 1894 to 17 April 1895 in Korea, Manchuria, Taiwan, and the Yellow Sea, which