climate change

What Is The Greenhouse Effect?

What Is The Greenhouse Effect?

As heat makes its way through the atmosphere instead of returning to Earth, it is absorbed by greenhouse gas molecules when it winds back to the planet’s surface. Certain gases, known as greenhouse gases, let sunlight shine directly onto the Earth’s surface but also capture the heat reflected into the atmosphere. Too much carbon dioxide

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What Is Blood Snow?

The term “glacier blood” or “blood snow” sounds like something you would read in a supernatural horror novel. But it is actually a purple phenomenon, a colorful sign of blooming life produced by tiny organisms that inhabit snow-covered mountain habitats. The eerie biological dye has many names – watermelon snow or red snow, for example

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What Is Ocean Acidification?

It is the increasing amount of carbon dioxide in the ocean that is acidifying the oceans. As a result, since the Industrial Revolution (around 1750), the oceans have absorbed large amounts of this carbon dioxide, and it is therefore acidifying. When carbon dioxide enters the oceans, it combines with seawater to form carbonic acid, which

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What Is Oceanography?

Oceanography, also known as oceanology, is the study of physical and biological aspects of the ocean. It is an important earth science covering a wide range of topics, including oceanography (oceanographic research), ocean chemistry, marine biology and oceanic geology. An oceanographer is a person who studies many ocean-related issues, including marine geology, physics, chemistry, and

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What Is Glaciology?

Glaciology is the study of glaciers and other natural events that have to do with ice and its effects on the environment. By focusing on this type of ice, researchers can learn more about the effects of climate change on ice sheets and glaciers in general. To determine climate trends, scientists measure the thickness of

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